How would the civilian population of a specific country respond to significant disruptions caused by hybrid threats? This paper explores different response scenarios and considers what can be done to strengthen the resilience and adaptive capacities of a civilian population, and its social institutions, when such threats are likely. One of the main challenges in increasing civilian resilience is the uncertainty and unpredictability of both the threat and how people will respond to it. The paper recommends utilizing an adaptive approach that is designed to cope with the complexity, uncertainty and unpredictability.
Published by Hybrid COE as working paper 9 on 1 June 2021: https://www.hybridcoe.fi/publications/hybrid-coe-working-paper-9-strengthening-the-resilience-and-adaptive-capacity-of-societies-at-risk-from-hybrid-threats/