Is there an African Model of Peace Operations?

The African model that has emerged over the past decade is one of stabilisation missions, undertaken alongside UN special political missions and other political, humanitarian and development initiatives, that are relatively short-lived before they are handed-over to UN peacekeeping missions. These missions are financed and supported by the international community, which considerably limit the ability of the AU or RECs/RMs to independently determine their mandates, scope, size and duration.